Types of Steel Products used in Construction

Steel fabrication has become popular in the construction industry. The structural steel fabricators use different types of steel products to fabricate steel.

The common steel products used in construction are:

Plate

Steel plates are available in different grades and sizes. Steel plates are commonly used in various demanding applications including construction, earth moving equipment, mining and quarrying, engineering and machinery, pressure vessels, renewable energy, ship building, offshore oil, gas and pipelines.

Strip

Strip steel is used not only in construction but also in various other applications. It is available in different forms. The forms of strip steel include hot rolled strip steel, cold rolled strip steel, and hot-dipped galvanized coil. The most common type of strip steel used for construction is the hot-dip galvanized coil. The hot-dip galvanized coil is also used in making other construction products such as floor decking products, wall and roof cladding products, lintels, secondary structural products, and light steel framing.

Open Sections

Open sections range from piles to large beams. These are mostly used in construction processes. Open sections also include small products like rods, rails, and bars.

Standard Open Sections

International standards define the dimensions of a variety of open section shapes, mostly the H and I shaped sections, channels, and angle sections.

Floor Beams

Asymmetric steel floor beams are used as a part of a shallow floor system. The key feature they possess is the wider bottom than the top flange. It enables the slab to sit properly on the top surface of the bottom flange, rather than the top surface of the top flange as found in the down-stand beams. The asymmetric shallow floor beams are popular in education, commercial, and residential sectors.

Plate Girders

The structural steel fabricators fabricate plate girders by welding together a web plate and two flanges. The plate girders are used when the standard rolled sections are inadequate to carry the load.

Cellular Beams

Cellular beams are fabricated sections which the structural steel fabricators use for specific projects.

Stainless Steel Products

Stainless steel is suitable for various structural steel applications. The most common types of stainless steel used in construction are austenitic stainless steel and duplex stainless steel.

These are the common types of steel products used in construction. Structural steel fabricators cannot do without these products. There are some other products too that are necessary for construction processes. If you want to know about those, you can get in touch with the structural steel fabricators who use them regularly in various applications.

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